Uterine leiomyomas (fibroids) affect 20–40% of reproductive age women and are the major indication for hysterectomy. Magnetic Resonance-guided Focused Ultrasound Surgery (MRgFUS) is a new, potentially disruptive, non-invasive and uterine-sparing treatment option that has been shown to yield similar or better clinical outcomes than other uterine-sparing interventions. However, the costs of MRgFUS and other minimally-invasive treatment options have not been studied using US practice data. This study attempts to fill this void. And since uterine fibroids are the first FDA-approved indication for MRgFUS treatment, this study may also have implications for other indications which are now investigational.